An increasing number of students are taking the GRE for admission into Business schools. Its wider testing network and broader reach are an inherent advantage for the test taker. However, it has been a very short period since business schools have started accepting GRE scores for admission into graduate management programs. Hence, there is very little information available about the GRE scores of the incoming class at top business schools. Moreover, business schools convert GRE to GMAT scores to objectively compare all the applicants. So, how does GRE to GMAT score conversion work? In this article, we have explained the process for GRE to GMAT score conversion.
We will also discuss:
- How are GRE and GMAT scores reported?
- Raw scores
- Percentile scores
- AWA scores
- How to compare and convert scores?
- GRE scores of the incoming class at top business schools.
- How does the admission committees evaluate candidates?
- Does your test score make any difference to employers?
How are GRE and GMAT scores reported?
Both the GRE and GMAT are standardized tests for admission into graduate programs at universities in the US and other countries. Traditionally the GMAT has been the preferred choice of business schools for evaluating candidates for admission into graduate management programs. However, to broaden the applicant pool and increase class diversity, many of the top B-schools now accept GRE scores. There are a few fundamental differences between the tests regarding the format and score reporting.
|Format||3 Sections |
· Quantitative ability (130-170)
· Verbal ability (130-170)
· Analytical writing (0-6 in 0.5-point increments)
|4 Sections |
· Integrated reasoning (1-8)
· Quantitative reasoning (6-51)
· Verbal reasoning (6-51)
· Analytical writing assessment (0-6 in 0.5-point increments)
|Adaptiveness||Section adaptive||Question Adaptive|
|Testing Time||3 Hours 45 minutes||3 Hours 7 Minutes|
For the GRE the Quant and Verbal scores are reported separately and range from 130-170. These scores are simply added to give your cumulative GRE score.
In the GMAT, however, Verbal and Quant scores are reported separately and then scaled to calculate your cumulative GMAT score. Quant and verbal scores can range from 6-51, and the scaled cumulative score ranges from 200-800.
The score reporting for analytical writing is similar. The GMAT, however, has an added section called Integrated Reasoning. The score for which is reported on a 1-8 scale. It is an assessment of multi-source reasoning with questions requiring data interpretation from charts, graphs, and tables.
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Comparing Raw and Scaled scores
ETS the organization which conducts the GRE has developed a handy tool for converting GRE scores to GMAT equivalent scores. This comparison tool allows users to predict the GMAT total, Quantitative, Verbal scores using their GRE Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative reasoning scores.
Percentile scores are provided on both your GRE and GMAT score reports. They represent the percentage of test-takers who obtained a score lower than the specified score. The percentile scores to which raw scores correspond to, for both GRE and GMAT are shown below. Due to the fundamental differences in the applicant pool who take each test, the percentile scores cannot be compared directly. However, they can be used as a rough guideline for comparison.
Average GRE vs. GMAT scores at top Business schools
The average GRE and GMAT scores of the incoming class at the top 50 business schools are shown below. If you are aiming for a top-50 business school, the below table should help you in setting a target score for the GMAT or GRE, whichever test you choose to take.
|P&Q Rank & School||2017 GMAT||2017 GRE|
|1. Penn (Wharton)||730||NA||NA||NA||NA|
|2. Harvard Business School||729||164||164||328||NA|
|3. Stanford GSB||737||165||164||329||4.9|
|4. Chicago (Booth)||730||NA||NA||NA||NA|
|5. Northwestern (Kellogg)||732||NA||NA||NA||NA|
|6. MIT (Sloan)||722||NA||NA||NA||NA|
|7. Dartmouth (Tuck)||722||161||158||319||4.8|
|9. UC-Berkeley (Haas)||725||164||161||325||5|
|10. Yale SOM||727||165||164||329||4.7|
|11. Michigan (Ross)||716||160||160||320||4.5|
|12. Duke (Fuqua)||702||161||160||321||4.5|
|13. Virginia (Darden)||713||162||161||323||5|
|14. Cornell (Johnson)||700||161||161||322||4.5|
|15. UCLA (Anderson)||716||164||164||328||4.5|
|16. NYU (Stern)||714||162||161||323||4.4|
|17. CMU (Tepper)||691||159||162||321||4|
|18. Texas-Austin (McCombs)||703||158||158||316||4.3|
|18. UNC (Kenan-Flagler)||701||159||157||316||4|
|20. Emory (Goizueta)||682||NA||NA||NA||NA|
|21. Indiana (Kelley)||678||160||157||317||4.3|
|22. Washington (Foster)||693||160||158||318||4.5|
|23. Georgetown (McDonough)||692||157||157||314||4.3|
|24. Notre Dame (Mendoza)||674||158||157||315||4.4|
|25. Rice (Jones)||711||160||161||321||4.4|
|26. USC (Marshall)||703||160||159||319||4.4|
|27. Georgia Tech (Scheller)||680||158||162||320||4.4|
|28. Washington (Olin)||694||156||156||312||4|
|29. Michigan State (Broad)||674||155||152||307||3.7|
|30. Arizona State (Carey)||682||156||155||311||3.9|
|31. Minnesota (Carlson)||676||161||157||318||4.6|
|33. Vanderbilt (Owen)||688||156||157||313||4|
|34. Ohio State (Fisher)||670||157||157||314||NA|
|34. BYU (Marriott)||680||NA||NA||NA||NA|
|36. Penn State (Smeal)||661||157||157||314||4.1|
|37. Rochester (Simon)||666||156||158||314||4|
|38. Purdue (Krannert)||632||153||161||314||4|
|39. UC-Irvine (Merage)||659||157||158||315||4.3|
|40. Maryland (Smith)||NA||156||153||309||4.3|
|41. Boston (Questrom)||680||157||158||315||NA|
|42. Pittsburgh (Katz)||608||154||153||307||4.1|
|43. Texas-Dallas (Jindal)||670||157||155||312||4|
|44. Texas A&M (Mays)||NA||156||155||311||3.9|
|45. Iowa (Tippie)||676||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|46. Boston College (Carroll)||637||153||153||306||4|
|47. SMU (Cox)||661||154||153||307||4|
|48. Temple (Fox)||NA||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|50. Georgia (Terry)||648||157||156||313||4.3|
Do AdComs have a preference between GMAT and GRE?
Now that we know how to compare and convert between GMAT and GRE scores, the next question that arises is, do schools treat candidates who submit GRE scores differently than those who submit GMAT scores? Well, the short answer is No, and the detailed explanation for the same is given below. Schools evaluate candidates on many factors and test scores are just a part of a holistic process of evaluation. However, since the GMAT has been the default test for admission into graduate management programs until recently, schools unfamiliar with the GRE Test still prefer candidates that report GMAT scores.
“26% of admissions officers say those who submit a GMAT score have an advantage over those who submit a GRE score. The remaining 73% saying neither exam taker has the advantage.” – Survey conducted by Kaplan.
What does this mean for you?
If you are yet to take either test, our recommendation would be to stick with the GMAT. For the simple reason, that it is more widely accepted, and the GMAC develops the GMAT with a specific aim to evaluate the skills required for business schools. Remember, the GMAC partners with leading business schools to continuously evaluate and understand what skills business schools look for in candidates.
The GRE, though a leader in the graduate admission test space, is designed to cater to a wider range of test-takers and graduate programs. Hence, the GMAT seems to be a better choice.
Taking the GMAT also shows your commitment to business schools, about your decision for graduate management education. Reporting GRE scores may show indecision to adcoms about your selection of programs or even a lack of clarity about career goals.
We hope this article helps you in understanding how to evaluate and compare GRE and GMAT scores. And, if you are considering Business School, the first step would be to ace either test. If you are taking the GMAT, here are some free resources to get you started. Please write to us at email@example.com with your questions on GRE to GMAT Score Conversion or any other issues.