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The figure above shows a portion of a road map on which the measures of certain angles are indicated. If all lines shown are straight and intersect as shown, is road PQ parallel to road RS? – OGQR 2020 Question #222 with Solution

OGQR 2020: Question No. 222

The figure above shows a portion of a road map on which the measures of certain angles are indicated. If all lines shown are straight and intersect as shown, is road PQ parallel to road RS?

SourceOGQR 2020
TypeData Sufficiency
TopicGeometry
Sub-TopicLines and Angles
DifficultyEasy – Medium

Solution

Steps 1 & 2: Understand Question and Draw Inferences

In this question, we are given:

  • A portion of the roadmap
    • Showing the measures of certain angles.
  • All the lines shown in the figure are straight.

We need to find:

  • Whether road PQ is parallel to road RS.

Per our conceptual understanding, when two parallel lines are cut by a transversal line then their corresponding angles are equal.

So, If PQ and RS are two parallel lines and line L1 as shown is the transversal line then the corresponding angles are equal.

  • Hence, ∠1 = ∠2
    • Or, c0 = 1800 – c0
    • 2c = 180
    • c = 90°

Therefore, if we get c = 90° then PQ and RS are parallel else PQ and RS are not parallel,

With this understanding, let us now analyse the individual statements.

Step 3: Analyse Statement 1

“b = 2a”

Per conceptual understanding, the sum of all the angles of a triangle is 180.

  • Hence, a + b + c = 180
    • a + 2a + c = 180
    • 3a + c = 180

However, from the above equation, we can get many values of a and c.

Hence, statement 1 is not sufficient to answer the question.

Step 4: Analyse Statement 2

“c = 3a”

  • a + b + c = 180
    • a + b + 3a = 180
    • b + 4a = 180

However, from the above equation, we can get many values of a and b.

  • Hence, statement 2 is not sufficient to answer the question.

Step 5: Combine Both Statements Together (If Needed)

From statement 1:

  • 3a + c = 180

From statement 2:

  • c = 3a

Combining both the statements:

  • 3a + 3a = 180.

From the above equation, we can find the value of a. Then we can find c.

Since we could find the answer by combining both the statements, option C is the correct answer.

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