A 8 minute read

GMAT Syllabus 2021: Check these 50 topics you can expect in Quant, Verbal, IR, AWA

GMAT syllabus comprises more than 50 topics from Quant, Verbal, Integrated Reasoning, and Analytical Writing Assessment sections.

The GMAT syllabus is further classified in various sub-sections of the GMAT i.e., Sentence Correction, Critical Reasoning, and Reading Comprehension in the Verbal Section, and Problem Solving and Data Sufficiency in the Quant Section.

In this article, we look into the topics (syllabus) that you can expect on the GMAT Exam. The article also answers five frequently asked questions (FAQs) on GMAT sections and question types.

GMAT syllabus

Here is the outline of the article:

GMAT Syllabus

GMAT syllabus includes topics from Quant, Verbal, Integrated Reasoning, and Analytical Writing Assessment.

Here is a brief overview of the GMAT syllabus with the number of questions, types, and duration required for each section:

GMAT SectionNumber of questionsTime to complete
Quantitative3162 minutes
Verbal3665 minutes
Analytical Writing AssessmentOne essay question30 minutes
Integrated Reasoning12 multiple-choice questions30 minutes

The overall GMAT Syllabus is divided into four sections:

  1. Quantitative: It includes 31 multiple choice questions on data sufficiency and problem-solving. The duration to complete this section is 62 minutes
  2. Verbal: It includes 36 multiple choice questions on reading comprehension, critical reasoning, and sentence correction. The duration to complete the Verbal section is 65 minutes
  3. Analytical Writing Assessment: It includes one essay question with a 30 minutes time limit. Argument analysis and communication in the form of critique are two types of questions under this section
  4. Integrated Reasoning (IR): It includes 12 multiple choice questions that can be two-part analysis, Multi-source reasoning, graphic interpretation, and Table analysis type of questions. The duration to complete this section is 30 mins

Do you know what a GMAT score or a percentile means? Read this article to understand and learn more.

Now that you have an idea about the GMAT sections let’s take a look at each section.


GMAT Syllabus for Quant Section

According to the GMAT Syllabus, the Quant section has two types of questions – Data Sufficiency and Problem Solving. It consists of 31 questions in total, and you get 62 minutes to complete it.

Data Sufficiency questions consist of a problem statement followed by two factual statements. You must decide whether the statement given is sufficient to answer the question in the problem statement. Approximately 11 -13 questions are there.

Problem-solving questions consist of topics such as arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and more. Approximately 18 – 20 questions are there.

Although the GMAT Quant section is considered tough by many students, the concepts included in this section are not beyond your high-school math.

The GMAT Quant section aims to measure your ability to reason mathematically, interpret graphic data, and solve quantitative problems.

There is a misconception that the only way to score high on GMAT Quant is to spend your time practicing problems and tests, which is true. Practise makes you perfect.

But what many students ignore is to get conceptual clarity. Achieving a Q50+ score requires a solid grasp of concepts and their application to solving questions.

You need to get your basics, right! Here are some tips for scoring Q50+ in the GMAT Quant Section.

Are you planning to take the GMAT, we can help you with a personalized study plan and give you access to quality online content to prepare. Sign up for our FREE Trial today.

We are the most reviewed GMAT Preparation company on GMAT Club with more than 2000 reviews.

Below mentioned are 30 GMAT Quant topics that you can expect on the test:

  1. Number properties
  2. Multiples and factors
  3. Fractions
  4. Decimals
  5. Percentages
  6. Averages
  7. Powers and roots
  8. Profit and loss
  9. Simple and compound interest
  10. Speed, time, and distance
  11. Pipes, cisterns, and work time
  12. Ratio and proportion
  13. Mixtures and alligations
  14. Descriptive statistics
  15. Set theory
  16. Probability
  17. Permutation and combination
  18. Monomials, polynomials
  19. Algebraic expressions and equations
  20. Functions
  21. Exponents
  22. Arithmetic and geometric progression
  23. Quadratic equations
  24. Inequalities and basic statistics
  25. Lines and angles
  26. Triangles
  27. Quadrilaterals
  28. Circles
  29. Rectangular solids and cylinders
  30. Coordinate geometry

Check out a few more articles on the GMAT

GMAT cost
Cost of GMAT across the world

GMAT format
GMAT format and structure

GMAT books

GMAT eligibility
GMAT Eligibility Criteria

GMAT prep tips
gmat preparation tip

Multiples and FactorsMonomials, polynomialsTriangle
Number PropertiesFunctionsLines and angles
DecimalsQuadratic equationsCircles
PercentageInequalities and basic statisticsRectangular solids and cylinders
Power and RootsAlgebraic expressions and equationsCoordinate geometry
AveragePermutation and combination 
ProbabilityArithmetic and geometric progressions 
Set Theory  
Mixtures and allegations  
Ratio and proportion  
Descriptive Statistics  
Pipes, cisterns, and work time  
Speed, time, distance  
Simple and Compounded Interest  

Are you struggling to score high on GMAT Quant? Here are few articles that can help you: Six Quant questions to improve your score, Six Process Skills to master Quant, How to quickly solve quant questions, and why “infer” a critical skill to master in Quant.

GMAT Syllabus for Verbal Section

According to the GMAT Syllabus, the verbal section has three types of questions – Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and sentence correction. It consists of 36 multiple choice questions to be completed in 65 minutes.

GMAT Verbal aims to test the ability to comprehend the written material and understand the logical relationship.

Critical reasoning questions give you an argument that you need to analyze, evaluate, and then formulate or evaluate a plan of action. They are all multiple-choice questions.

Sentence Correction includes questions that present a problem with a sentence. You need to decide if there is any grammatical problem and if so, you need to choose from the four alternatives given in the question.

Reading Comprehension questions include short or long passages (200-400 words), where you need to infer it and answer three or four multi-choice questions.

Are you struggling in GMAT Verbal section? Here are some tips on scoring V40+.

Below mentioned are 13 GMAT Verbal topics that you can expect on the test:

  1. Verb tense
  2. Pronoun
  3. Subject-verb agreement
  4. Modifiers
  5. Idioms
  6. Parallelism
  7. Comparison
  8. Inference
  9. Assumption
  10. Evaluate
  11. Strengthen and weaken
  12. Boldface
  13. Paradox
Sentence CorrectionCritical Reasoning
Subject-Verb AgreementEvaluate
IdiomsBold Face
ComparisonStrengthen and weaken
Verb Tenses 

Are you planning to take the GMAT, we can help you with a personalized study plan and give you access to quality online content to prepare. Sign up for our FREE Trial today.

We are the most reviewed GMAT Preparation company on GMAT Club with more than 2000 reviews.


GMAT Syllabus for Integrated Reasoning Section

The first thing you need to know about the IR section of the GMAT is that this section does not get factored into your score. The same is the case with the AWA section.

Read more about If GMAT Integrated Reasoning and AWA section matters for MBA Admissions?

The integrated reasoning questions in the GMAT Syllabus consists of data presented in passages, graphs, tables, or a combination of the three. There are four different types of questions:

  1. Two-Part analysis – These questions are in the form of 2 questions that relate to the same information. Five or six answer choices follow the questions, and the answers to each of the two questions may be the same or different.
  2. Multi-Source Reasoning – These questions have multiple tabs that have inputs in them. These questions are more like Critical Reasoning questions.
  3. Graphic Interpretation – You must analyze the information given on a graph or a chart and use it to solve the given questions.
  4. Table Analysis – You are presented with a sortable table with three questions. You must be able to differentiate between useful and non-useful data

The GMAT IR section measures your ability to assess information presented in multiple formats from different sources. We live in a data-driven world, and therefore, it’s essential to have analytical skills to interpret data.

Know more about how the GMAT IR section is scored.

GMAT Syllabus for Analytical Writing Assessment

Like the IR section, the analytical writing assessment section does not get factored into your score.

This GMAT section asks you to analyze issues, comprehend information, and communicate your ideas through an essay. It measures your ability to think critically and how well you can communicate your ideas.

The score for this section is on a six-point scale, and the essay has two independent ratings from which an average is derived. The topics asked can range from general to business news. Here is a list of 50 AWA practice questions.

Learn how to score a perfect six on GMAT AWA.

Now that you are aware of the GMAT Syllabus for individual sections let us look at five common FAQs on GMAT Syllabus.

GMAT Syllabus: Five FAQs on GMAT Section and Question Types


What abilities does GMAT Syllabus in the Quant section measures?

The Quant section of the GMAT measures how you analyze data and conclude or solve using reasoning skills. There are two types of questions:

  1. Problem Solving – They measure your ability to interpret and evaluate data to solve numerical problems
  2. Data Sufficiency – These questions measure your analytical ability to interpret the question as well as to decide if you have sufficient information to solve the problem.

Does GMAT Syllabus for Verbal Section only measure my understanding of grammar?

The Verbal section is a test of understanding and logic presented in the question rather than just grammar.

The GMAT syllabus in this section measures your reading ability, comprehension skills, understanding of arguments, and your ability to correct written material as per the rules of the English language.

What is the section order of GMAT and the total duration of the test?

Since 11th July 2017, students have the option to select the order of the test from the three options mentioned below. There is a break of 8 minutes duration, which is optional:

  1. Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning, Break, Quantitative, Break, Verbal
  2. Verbal, Break, Quantitative, Break, Integrated Reasoning, Analytical Writing Assessment
  3. Quantitative, Break, Verbal, Break, Integrated Reasoning, Analytical Writing Assessment

The total duration of the test is 3 hours, 7 minutes.

Here is an article for you to understand the GMAT sections in detail.

Can I skip any GMAT section?

You CANNOT skip any of the GMAT sections. A section is complete only if you answer every question, or you run out of time for that section.

Do I get a break between all the GMAT Sections?

Firstly, breaks are optional. If you don’t want a break, you can skip it and move on to the next section. In case you want a break, you get two 8-minute breaks according to the GMAT section order you have chosen.

Are you planning to take the GMAT, we can help you with a personalized study plan and give you access to quality online content to prepare. Sign up for our FREE Trial today. We are the most reviewed GMAT Preparation company on GMAT Club with more than 2000 reviews.

Related articles on GMAT Preparation:

FAQs – GMAT Syllabus

What is the difference between CAT and GMAT Syllabus?

The primary difference between CAT and GMAT Syllabus is that GMAT exam includes the Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) section which is not presented in CAT Exam. In addition, there are no descriptive questions in CAT Exam.

What is the difference between GRE and GMAT Syllabus?

One of the primary differences between GRE and GMAT syllabus is that there is no integrated reasoning section in the GRE test.
Read this article to know in detail about the difference between GRE and GMAT Syllabus. 

How much does the GMAT cost?

The GMAT registration fee is $250. But, GMAT costs will be more than just the GMAT fee of $250 in 2020. There are many other costs associated with taking the GMAT successfully.
Read this article to know about other costs involved in taking the GMAT.

Can I choose the order in which I want to take the GMAT Exam? 

Yes, you can choose the order in which you want to take the GMAT sections before you begin your exam.

What is the duration of the GMAT Exam? 

The time duration of the GMAT exam is 3.5 hours which includes your breaks and test instructions.

People who read this article also read

3 thoughts on “GMAT Syllabus 2021: Check these 50 topics you can expect in Quant, Verbal, IR, AWA”

  1. This really helps , do we know if there is any change in the syllabus of format in 2020.

    1. Hi Prashast,
      There is no change in the syllabus or format of the GMAT for 2020. We wish you the best of luck for your attempt!

Comments are closed.

Payal Tandon
Co-founder, e-GMAT
Welcome to e-GMAT Support!
I am Payal, Co-Founder of e-GMAT.
Feel free to ask any Query.
Thank you for your query.
We will be contacting you soon on
%d bloggers like this: